zeroLength ElementΒΆ

element('zeroLength', eleTag, *eleNodes, '-mat', *matTags, '-dir', *dirs, <'-doRayleigh', rFlag=0>, <'-orient', *vecx, *vecyp>)

This command is used to construct a zeroLength element object, which is defined by two nodes at the same location. The nodes are connected by multiple UniaxialMaterial objects to represent the force-deformation relationship for the element.

eleTag (int) unique element object tag
eleNodes (list (int)) a list of two element nodes
matTags (list (int)) a list of tags associated with previously-defined UniaxialMaterials
dirs (list (int))

a list of material directions:

  • 1,2,3 - translation along local x,y,z axes, respectively;
    • 4,5,6 - rotation about local x,y,z axes, respectively
rFlag (float) optional, default = 0 * rFlag = 0 NO RAYLEIGH DAMPING (default)
vecx (list (float)) a list of vector components in global coordinates defining local x-axis (optional)
vecyp (list (float))

a list of vector components in global coordinates defining vector yp which lies in the local x-y plane for the element. (optional)

  • rFlag = 1 include rayleigh damping


If the optional orientation vectors are not specified, the local element axes coincide with the global axes. Otherwise the local z-axis is defined by the cross product between the vectors x and yp vectors specified on the command line.

See also