4.12.4. RadauΒΆ

beamIntegration('Radau', tag, secTag, N)

Create a Gauss-Radau beamIntegration object. Gauss-Radau integration is not common in force-based elements because it places an integration point at only one end of the element; however, it forms the basis for optimal plastic hinge integration methods.

Places N Gauss-Radau integration points along the element with a point constrained to be at ndI. The location and weight of each integration point are tabulated in references on numerical analysis. The force-deformation response at each integration point is defined by the section. The order of accuracy for Gauss-Radau integration is 2N-2.

Arguments and examples see Lobatto.