4.13.1. LobattoΒΆ

beamIntegration('Lobatto', tag, secTag, N)

Create a Gauss-Lobatto beamIntegration object. Gauss-Lobatto integration is the most common approach for evaluating the response of forceBeamColumn-Element (Neuenhofer and Filippou 1997) because it places an integration point at each end of the element, where bending moments are largest in the absence of interior element loads.

tag (int) tag of the beam integration.
secTag (int) A previous-defined section object.
N (int) Number of integration points along the element.